Yorkshire Terriers, affectionately known as Yorkies, are one of the most popular small dog breeds. Spaying is a significant health decision for female Yorkies, impacting their well-being throughout their lives. This article delves into the veterinarian consensus on the best age for spaying, the advantages and disadvantages of spaying at different ages, and explores alternatives to traditional spaying.

1. Understanding Spaying in Yorkies

Spaying, medically termed ovariohysterectomy, involves the removal of a female dog’s reproductive organs. For Yorkies, a breed with specific health considerations due to their small size, this decision is crucial.

2. Veterinarian Consensus on Spaying Age

The majority of veterinarians recommend spaying female Yorkies between 4 to 6 months of age. This recommendation is based on preventing the first heat cycle, thereby reducing health risks associated with the reproductive system.

3. Advantages of Early Spaying

Early spaying, typically before the first heat cycle, significantly lowers the risk of mammary tumors and completely eliminates the risks of ovarian and uterine cancers. It also prevents unwanted pregnancies and reduces behaviors related to the heat cycle.

4. Disadvantages of Early Spaying

Spaying a Yorkie early can potentially lead to urinary incontinence and may slightly increase the risk of certain health issues such as obesity. Early spaying may also impact the development of bones and joints, although this is less of a concern in smaller breeds.

5. Advantages of Later Spaying

Spaying after the first heat cycle allows the Yorkie to reach physical maturity, which can be beneficial for their overall development. It might reduce the risk of certain orthopedic issues and urinary incontinence that are sometimes associated with early spaying.

6. Disadvantages of Later Spaying

The primary downside of delaying spaying in Yorkies is an increased risk of mammary tumors and the potential for pyometra, a severe uterine infection. Each heat cycle a Yorkie goes through raises the risk of these conditions.

7. Alternatives to Traditional Spaying

In light of the advantages and disadvantages of early and late spaying, some Yorkie owners consider alternatives. An ovary-sparing spay (OSS) is one such option, where the ovaries are left intact while the uterus is removed. This can maintain hormonal balance while preventing pregnancy. Laparoscopic spay, a minimally invasive method, is another alternative.

8. Breed-Specific Considerations for Yorkies

When deciding on the best age to spay your Yorkie, it’s crucial to consider the breed’s specific health risks and individual factors. Consult with a veterinarian familiar with small breeds for tailored advice based on your Yorkie’s health, size, and lifestyle.

9. Post-Spaying Care for Yorkies

After spaying, it’s essential to provide appropriate care for your Yorkie. This includes managing pain, monitoring the incision site, and limiting physical activity to ensure proper healing. Given their small size, Yorkies may need extra attention during the recovery period.

10. Diet and Exercise Management Post-Spaying

Post-spaying, a Yorkie’s diet and exercise regime should be carefully monitored to prevent obesity, a common issue in small breeds. Working with your vet to adjust her diet and exercise regime is crucial to maintaining a healthy weight and lifestyle.


Determining the best age to spay your female Yorkie involves balancing various health considerations specific to the breed. Consult with your veterinarian, weigh the benefits and risks of spaying at different ages, and consider alternative methods if they align better with your dog’s health needs. Prioritizing the health and well-being of your Yorkie is paramount in making this significant decision.


Frequently Asked Questions A Yorkie Owner Might Ask Before Having Their Yorkie Spayed

1. What is the best age to spay my Yorkie?

The ideal age to spay a Yorkie is typically between 4 to 6 months, before her first heat cycle. This timing is recommended to reduce the risk of mammary tumors and other reproductive health issues. However, each dog is unique, so it’s important to consult with your veterinarian for personalized advice based on your Yorkie’s health and lifestyle.

2. Will spaying change my Yorkie’s personality?

Spaying your Yorkie is unlikely to change her fundamental personality. It can reduce behaviors linked to hormonal fluctuations, such as moodiness during heat cycles. Overall, your Yorkie will remain the same affectionate and lively pet, with some potential behavioral improvements.

3. Are there long-term health benefits to spaying my Yorkie?

Yes, spaying offers significant long-term health benefits for Yorkies. These include a reduced risk of mammary tumors, ovarian and uterine cancers, and the prevention of pyometra, a serious uterine infection. Spaying also eliminates the risks associated with pregnancy and birthing.

4. What are the risks associated with spaying my Yorkie?

Spaying is a surgical procedure and carries standard risks such as bleeding, infection, and anesthesia reactions. For Yorkies, there’s a slight risk of urinary incontinence and obesity post-spaying. Discuss these risks with your vet to make an informed decision.

5. How long is the recovery period after spaying a Yorkie?

The recovery period for a Yorkie after spaying typically lasts about 10 to 14 days. During this time, limit her physical activity, monitor the incision site for signs of infection, and follow your vet’s post-operative care instructions closely.

6. Is spaying a painful procedure for Yorkies?

Spaying is a surgical procedure that can cause some discomfort. However, veterinarians use anesthesia during the surgery and provide pain management afterward to ensure your Yorkie is comfortable. Most Yorkies recover quickly with proper care and pain management.

7. Will my Yorkie gain weight after being spayed?

Spaying can lead to metabolic changes that might result in weight gain if not managed properly. It’s important to monitor your Yorkie’s diet and exercise regimen post-surgery. Your vet can recommend dietary adjustments and an appropriate exercise routine to maintain a healthy weight.

8. What are the alternatives to traditional spaying for Yorkies?

Alternatives to traditional spaying include ovary-sparing spay (OSS) and laparoscopic spay. OSS leaves the ovaries intact while removing the uterus, and laparoscopic spay is a less invasive method. These alternatives may be suitable for some Yorkies, depending on individual health considerations.

9. Can I spay my Yorkie during her heat cycle?

While it’s technically possible to spay a Yorkie during her heat cycle, it’s generally not recommended. Surgery during heat can be more complex due to increased blood flow to the reproductive organs, leading to a higher risk of complications. It’s best to plan the spaying before or after a heat cycle.

10. How should I care for my Yorkie after she’s spayed?

After spaying, ensure your Yorkie has a quiet place to rest and recover. Keep her from excessive activity, regularly check the incision site, and prevent her from licking or biting it. Follow your vet’s instructions regarding diet, medication, and follow-up visits for a smooth recovery.

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