Dachshunds are known for their unique appearance, playful personalities, and unmistakable elongated bodies. But beyond their adorable looks and charming demeanor, can Dachshunds also double as good guard dogs? In this article, we will explore the various aspects of Dachshund behavior, temperament, and training to determine whether these beloved little dogs make effective guard dogs.

Understanding the Dachshund Breed:

Dachshunds, often referred to as “wiener dogs” due to their elongated bodies, originated in Germany and were originally bred for hunting. These small but spirited dogs were developed to hunt burrowing animals like badgers, hence their name “Dachshund,” which translates to “badger dog” in German. This hunting heritage has influenced their temperament and behavior.

  1. Temperament and Dachshunds:

Dachshunds are known for their spirited and sometimes stubborn personalities. They are typically loyal to their owners and can form strong bonds with their families. However, their hunting ancestry has instilled certain traits that may affect their suitability as guard dogs.

  1. Alertness and Watchfulness:

One of the traits that can work in favor of Dachshunds as guard dogs is their alertness and watchfulness. They have a keen sense of hearing and are quick to pick up on unfamiliar sounds or movements. This makes them excellent watchdogs, as they will often bark to alert their owners to potential intruders or unusual occurrences.

  1. Size and Dachshund’s Deterrence Factor:

While Dachshunds have a big personality, they have a relatively small stature. This can be a drawback when considering them as guard dogs. Intruders may not be as deterred by a Dachshund’s size compared to larger, more intimidating breeds. However, their fearless nature can compensate for their size, as Dachshunds are known to stand their ground when they sense a threat.

Training Dachshunds for Guard Duties:

Dachshunds can be trained to enhance their guard dog capabilities. Proper training is essential to channel their alertness and determination effectively. Here are some key aspects to consider when training a Dachshund for guard duties:

  1. Socialization:

Dachshunds, like all dogs, need to be well-socialized from a young age. Exposure to different people, animals, and situations will help them distinguish between normal interactions and potential threats.

  1. Obedience Training:

Teaching your Dachshund basic obedience commands is crucial. Commands like “sit,” “stay,” and “quiet” can help you control their barking and responses when necessary.

  1. Desensitization:

To avoid excessive barking, it’s important to desensitize your Dachshund to common noises and situations. This will prevent them from barking at every little sound and reserve their alerts for actual threats.

  1. Positive Reinforcement:

Dachshunds respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. Reward them with treats, praise, and affection when they display the desired behavior, such as alerting you to a stranger or remaining calm in potentially stressful situations.

  1. Consistency:

Consistency in training is key to success. Ensure that all family members are on the same page when it comes to commands and expectations for your Dachshund.

Limitations of Dachshunds as Guard Dogs:

While Dachshunds can make decent watchdogs and are known for their determination, there are limitations to their effectiveness as guard dogs:

  1. Size and Physical Limitations:

Dachshunds are small dogs with relatively low physical strength. They are not suited for physically detaining intruders or providing protection in confrontational situations.

  1. Barking Tendency:

Dachshunds are prone to excessive barking, which can be a double-edged sword. While their barking can alert you to potential threats, it can also become a nuisance if they bark excessively at non-threatening stimuli.

  1. Territorial Behavior:

Dachshunds can be territorial, which may lead to aggression towards other dogs or animals on your property. Proper socialization is crucial to mitigate this behavior.

  1. Not a Substitute for Professional Security:

It’s essential to remember that Dachshunds should not be seen as a substitute for professional security measures such as alarm systems, locks, and security cameras. They can complement these systems by providing an audible alert but should not be relied upon as the primary source of security.


In conclusion, Dachshunds can serve as effective watchdogs due to their alertness and determination. Their small size may not make them ideal guard dogs for physical protection, but their barking can act as a deterrent to potential intruders. With proper training and socialization, Dachshunds can play a valuable role in enhancing the security of your home. However, it’s important to recognize their limitations and not rely solely on them for security purposes. A combination of a Dachshund’s watchfulness and other security measures is the best approach to ensure the safety of your home and loved ones.

Frequently Asked Questions about Dachshunds As Guard Dogs

Frequently Asked Questions about Dachshunds As Guard Dogs

1. Are Dachshunds good guard dogs?

Yes, Dachshunds can make good guard dogs to some extent due to their alert nature and tendency to bark at perceived threats. While they may not physically protect your home, their barking can serve as an effective deterrent to potential intruders.

2. Do Dachshunds have a strong guarding instinct?

Dachshunds have a moderate guarding instinct stemming from their hunting heritage. They are naturally watchful and will alert their owners to unusual sounds or movements.

3. Can Dachshunds protect a home from intruders?

Dachshunds are better suited as watchdogs than guard dogs. They can alert you to potential threats, but their small size limits their ability to physically protect your home.

4. Are Dachshunds aggressive towards strangers?

Dachshunds are not typically aggressive towards strangers, but they can be wary and may bark at unfamiliar individuals. Early socialization can help them differentiate between friends and potential threats.

5. Do Dachshunds make better indoor or outdoor guard dogs?

Dachshunds are better suited as indoor guard dogs since they are small and sensitive to extreme weather conditions. Keeping them indoors allows them to focus on alerting you to potential dangers.

6. Can Dachshunds be trained to be better guard dogs?

Yes, Dachshunds can be trained to enhance their guarding abilities through socialization, obedience training, and positive reinforcement techniques.

7. Do Dachshunds bark a lot as guard dogs?

Dachshunds are known for their tendency to bark, which can be advantageous for guard duties. However, proper training is necessary to prevent excessive barking.

8. Are there specific Dachshund breeds that are better guard dogs?

While all Dachshunds have some degree of guarding instinct, certain varieties like the Miniature Dachshund may be less effective due to their smaller size.

9. Are Dachshunds good with children while serving as guard dogs?

Dachshunds can be good family pets and can coexist with children while still performing their watchdog duties. Proper training and supervision are essential to ensure a harmonious relationship.

10. Should I rely solely on my Dachshund for home security?

No, it is not advisable to rely solely on your Dachshund for home security. They should complement other security measures like alarm systems and locks to provide comprehensive protection for your home and family.

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